History

This timeline provides a very a brief history of vehicle development and safety features.

2017 Jan Investigation by NHTSA finds no fault in Tesla driver assistance systems after fatal crash in 2016. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-38678494
2016 Nov ShuttleBuzz Directors Jenny Ozanne and Andrew Bull attend the Driverless Technology Conference in Milton Keynes.
2016 Oct ShuttleBuzz Ltd is registered in Guernsey.
2016 Apple confirm that they have ambitions to build an autonomous car.
2016 Uber trials (partially) autonomous cars in Pittsburgh streets.
2016 Google spins off Waymo, a self-driving technology company. The aim is for Waymo to partner with established automakers.
2016 GM acquires Cruise Automation, a developer of self-driving technology.
2016 Fatal Crash in Tesla car whilst Autopilot was in use (see 2017 Jan).
2016 GATEway trials self-driving shuttles in Greenwich.
2016 Chevrolet introduces the Bolt all-electric car.
2015 Tesla releases software for self-driving features on its cars.
2014 SAE International publish a harmonised classification system for automated driving (The "Six Levels"). www.sae.org/misc/pdfs/automated_driving.pdf
2010 Google X set-up to develop a self-driving car.
2010 GM Chevrolet introduces the hybrid electric car Volt.
2008 Tesla debuts the Roadster.
1997 Toyota begins selling the Prius hybrid electric car.
1997 GM launches the EV1 all electric vehicle.
1997 Cadillac offer automatic stability control (ASC) increasing safety in emergency situations.
1992 The federal Energy Policy Act of 1992 encourages alternative-fuel vehicles.
1990 Mazda introduces a GPS-navigation system.
1985 The USA mandates that all cars have on-borad diagnostics.
1985 Steven Lobbezoo builds the first commercially available sat nav.
1985 The Lincoln offers an antilock braking system (ABS) made by Teves of Germany.
1970s Airbags, introduced in some models in the 1970s, become standard in more cars.
1966 An electronic fuel injection system is developed.
1963 GM introduces electronic ignition.
1960s Automakers begin efforts to reduce harmful emissions, with the introduction of positive crankcase ventilation in 1963 and the introduction of catalytic converters in the 1970s.
1958 Chrysler offers cruise control.
1954 The Mercedes 300SL introduces fuel injection and features disc brakes, independent suspension and radial tires.
1951 Chrysler introduces the first power steering system on a production car.
1949 Chrysler introduces disc brakes in the USA.
1948 Goodrich introduces tubeless tires.
1948 Chrysler introduces the ignition key.
1946 Michelin introduces steel-belted radial tites.
1940s/50s Ralph Teeter develops a cruise control mechanism that a driver can set to hold the car at a steady speed.
1940 Chrysler adopts the sealed beam headlights.
1940 Oldsmobile introduces the first mass-produced automatic transmission.
1939 The Nash Motor Company adds the first air conditioning system.
1935 A Delaware company uses a thermal interrupter switch to create flashing turn signals.
1934 REO introduces automatic transmission.
1934 Chrysler introduces overdrive.
1931 Mercedes-Benz introduces the first modern independent front suspension system.
1926 Francis Wright Davis uses a Pierce-Arrow to introduce the first power steering system.
1922 The Duesenberg first American car with four-wheel hydraulic brakes.
1919 The Hispano-Suiza H6B, demonstrates the first single foot pedal to operate coupled four-wheel brakes.
1914 Dodge introduces the first car body made entirely of steel.
1913 First moving assembly line for automobiles developed.
1911 Charles Kettering introduces the electric starter.
1902 Standard drum brakes are invented by Louis Renault.
1901 Horock designed the "telescope" sock absorber which is still used today.
1899 Whitney and Widener make 2,000 electric cars a year.
1897 Henry Morris and Perdo Salom make public electric cabs in New York.
1895 Emile Levassor's Michelin car is the first car to feature pneumatic tires.
1894 Charles Jeantaus introduces the electric car in Europe.
1892 William Morrison introduces the first electric car of the USA.
1890 Rene Panhard and Emile Levassor build the first commercial car using a Daimler engine and coin many car-related words (automobile, garage, chauffeur, chassis).
1888 John Dunlop invents the pneumatic tire.
1886 Karl Benz builds a petrol powered car.
1883 Gottlieb Daimler builds a high-speed petrol engine for vehicles.
1876 Nicholas Otto invents the four-cycle internal combustion engine.
1868 James Hill builds a horseless steam-powered carriage.
1865 Britain introduces a speed limit of 4 mph.
1860 In the USA the horse-drawn car on rails has largely supplanted the horse-drawn "omnibus".

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